salreiensis Rolán Mosquera, 1980
Conus. Boll. Malacol. 16(3/4):84, pl. 2, fig. 1, pl. 3, figs. 3, 6. Sal-rei, Boa Vista Island, Cape Verde Islands. Is cuneolus f. Filmer, 2001, with query; is valid f. Monteiro et al., 2004; Ardovini and Cossignani, 2004; Rolán, 2005; Tucker and Tenorio, 2009; Filmer, 2011c; Kersten, 2013;
is a morph of crotchii f. Abalde et al. 2107b. Genus: Africonus.


cabraloiCossignani, 2014
Africonus.
Malacologia Mostra Mondiale 82: 23-24, figured. Praia Cabral, Boa Vista Island, Cape Verde Archipelago, in 0.1 to 0.5 m on rocks.
Is crotchii f. Abalde et al. 2017b. Genus: Africonus.


crioulus Tenorio and Afonso, 2004
Conus.
Visaya 1(2):30, figs. 1-4, 5, unnumbered fig., pl. 5. Praia Real, north coast of Maio Island, Cape Verde Islands.
Is a morph of maioensis f. Abalde et al. 2017b. Genus:Africonus.


irregularisG. B. Sowerby II, 1858
Conus. Thes. Conch. 3(Conus), pt. 18:29, pl. 204, figs. 418, 419. West Africa. Is taslei f. Tomlin, 1937a; Wagner and Abbott, 1978; Walls, 1979b; is valid f. Filmer, 2001; Monteiro et al., 2004; Ardovini and Cossignani, 2004; Tucker and Tenorio, 2009; Filmer, 2011c; Kersten, 2013; is crotchii f. Abalde et al. 2017b. Genus: Africonus.


Lautoconus belairensis MNCN, 27.4 mm, Fann, Terrou-bi, Dakar area, Senegal.

cagarralensis Cossignani, 2014
Africonus.
Malacologia Mostra Mondiale 82: 21, figured. Pedra do Lume, Sal Island, Cape Verde Archipelago, in 0.5 to 3 m on rocks.
Is a morph of longilineus f. Abalde et al. 2017b. Genus: Africonus.


anthonyiPetuch, 1975a
Africonus. Veliger 17(3):263, figs. 5, 6. 1 m, Baía do Inferno, São Tiago Island, Cape Verde Islands, 15°00'N, 24°33'W. Is lugubris f. Coomans et al., 1980; is cuneolus f. Filmer, 2001, with query; Filmer, 2011c, but may be valid; is valid f. Monteiro et al., 2004, with query; is valid f. Rolán, 2005; Tucker and Tenorio, 2009; Kersten, 2013;
is cuneolus f. Abalde et al. 2017b. Genus: Africonus.


reticulatus  Born, 1778.
Conus. Index Rerum Nat. Mus. Caesari Vindobon. 1:139. Africa. Is mercator f. Wagner and Abbott, 1978; Walls, 1979b; Kohn, 1992; Filmer, 2001; Filmer, 2011c.
Is valid f. Abalde et al. 2017. Range: Cap Vert Peninsula and Petite Côte, Senegal. Genus:Lautoconus.


silviae Cossignani, 2014
Africonus. Malacologia Mostra Mondiale 82: 18-19, figured. Morro da Areia, Boa Vista Island, Cape Verde Archipelago, in 0.5 to 3 m on rocks.
Is a form of fuscoflavus f. Abalde et al. 2017b. Genus: Africonus.


atlanticoselvagemAfonso and Tenorio, 2004
Conus. La Conchiglia 36(310):34, figs. 2-6, 7a, 8, 9b, 10a. João Valente Bank, 48.3 km SW of Sal Rei, Boa Vista, Cape Verde Islands, 15º48.471'N, 23º09.086'W.
Is a form of trochulus f. Abalde et al. 2017b. Genus:Kalloconus.


fontonae Rolán and Trovão in Rolán, 1990
Conus.
Iberus Suppl. 2:28, pl. 1, fig. 10, pl.2, fig. 10, pl. 3, fig. C, pl. 6, fig. C, pl. 8, fig. D. Bahía de Fontona, Sal Island, Cape Verde Islands. Is cuneolus f. Filmer, 2001, with query; is valid f. Monteiro et al., 2004; Rolán, 2005; Tucker and Tenorio, 2009; Filmer, 2011c; Kersten, 2013.
Is a form of cuneolus f. Abalde et al. 2017b. Genus:Africonus.


papalisWeinkauff, 1875.
Conus. Conchyl. Cab. 4(2):359, pl. 66, fig. 10. [Ticao, Philippines]. New name for coronatus Reeve, 1849, non Gmelin, 1791; is valid f. Wagner and Abbott, 1978; Filmer, 2011c; is not a cone shell f. Walls, 1979b; is of uncertain status f. Röckel, Korn and Kohn, 1995; Filmer, 2001;
is valid f. Puillandre and Tenorio, 2017. Range: Philippines. Genus: Pygmaeconus.


visseri Delsaerdt, 1990.
Conus. Conus. Gloria Maris 29(1):1-4, 10 figs. Ka Lhim Beach, Patong Bay, Phuket Island, Thailand. Is uncertain f. Röckel, Korn and Kohn, 1995; is uncertain or is coffeae f. Filmer, 2001; Filmer, 2011c; Kersten, 2013; is valid f. Tucker and Tenorio, 2009;
Puillandre and Tenorio, 2017. Range: Thailand. Genus: Pygmaeconus.


traillii  A. Adams, 1855b
Conus. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1854:121. Malacca. Unrecognizable f. Wagner and Abbott, 1978; Walls, 1979b; uncertain f. Röckel, Korn and Kohn, 1995; is a juvenile of uncertain status and possibly not a cone shell f. Filmer, 2001; is a valid species f. Raybaudi Massilia, 2008; is a valid Pseudolilliconus f. Tucker and Tenorio, 2009; Filmer, 2011c;
is a valid Pygmaeconus f. Tenorio and Puillandre, 2017. Range: New Guinea, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines and Thailand. Genus: Pygmaeconus.


Literature Cited


Abalde, S., Tenorio, M. J., Afonso, C. M. L. & Zardoya, R. 2017a. Mitogenomic phylogeny of cone snails endemic to Senegal. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 112:79-87. Available at http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2017.04.020


Abalde, S., Tenorio, M. J., Afonso, C. M. L., Uribe, J. E., Echeverry, A. M. & Zardoya, R. 2017b. Phylogenetic relationships of cone snails endemic to Cabo Verde based on mitochondrial genomes. BMC Evolutionary Biology 17(1): 231. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12862-017-1069-x


Lawler, A. J. & Duda, T. F. 2017. Molecular and morphometric data suggest the presence of a neglected species in the marine gastropod family Conidae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 109: 421-429. Available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2017.02.011


Puillandre, N. & Tenorio, M. J. 2017. A question of rank: DNA sequences and radula characters reveal a new genus of cone snails (Gastropoda: Conidae). Journal of Molluscan Studies. 83(2): 200-210. Available at https://doi.org/10.1093/mollus/eyx011

 

peasei Brazier, 1877.
Lithoconus. Proc. Linn. Soc. NSW 1:288. [Sandwich Islands]. Nomen novum pro Conus neglectus Pease, 1861, nonConus neglectus A. Adams, 1855a, and is flavidus f. Tomlin, 1937a; Wagner and Abbott, 1978; Walls, 1979b; Kohn, Röckel, Korn and Kohn, 1995; Filmer, 2001; Filmer, 2011c;
is valid f. Lawler and Duda, 2017. Range: Hawaii. Genus: Virgiconus.


damioi  Cossignani & Fiadeiro, 2015
Africonus.
Malacologia Mostra Mondiale 86:17-21, figured. North Boa Vista Island, Derrubado area.
Is roeckeli f. Abalde et al. 2017b. Genus: Africonus.


serranegrae Rolán, 1990
Conus. Iberus Suppl. 2:49, pl. 1, fig. 15, pl. 2, fig. 15, pl. 3, fig. F, pl. 6, fig. G, pl. 8, fig. G. Sal Island, Cape Verde Islands. Is cuneolus f. Filmer, 2001, with query; is valid f. Monteiro et al., 2004; Ardovini and Cossignani, 2004; Rolán, 2005; Tucker and Tenorio, 2009; Filmer, 2011c; Kersten, 2013;
is cuneolus f. Abalde et al. 2017b. Genus: Africonus.


fantasmalis Rolán, 1990
Conus.
Iberus Suppl. 2:37, pl. 1, fig. 8, pl. 2, fig. 8, pl. 5, fig. N. Bahía do Navia Quebrado, Maio Island, Cape Verde Islands.
Is a form of fuscoflavus. Genus: Africonus.


melissae Tenorio, Afonso, and Rolán. 2008
Conus.
Vita Malacologica 6:8, figs. 1C, 4, pl. 3, figs. 1-11. Baía de Parda, east coast of Sal Island, Cape Verde Islands, 16º44'02'N, 22º55'55"W.
Is a form of longilineus f. Abalde et al. 2017b. Genus: Africonus.


nelsontiagoi Cossignani & Fiadeiro, 2014
Africonus.
Malacologia Mostra Mondiale 84:21-27, figured. Between Calheta Sao Miguel and Pedra Badejo, Santiago Island  (actually it appears stated "Praia", which is the capital city), Cape Verde Islands, 0.5 to 5 m.
Is a form of verdensis f. Abalde et al. 2017b. Genus: Africonus.


fiadeiroi Tenorio, Afonso, Cunha & Rolán, 2014
Africonus.
Xenophora Taxonomy 2: 5-21, fig. 6, Pl. 3, figs. 1-10. Porto de Derrubado, North coast of Boa Vista Island, Cape Verde Archipelago. Coordinates: 16° 13’ 21” N, 22° 47’ 42” W.
Is a morph of crotchii f. Abalde et al. 2017b. Genus: Africonus.


taslei Kiener, 1850.
Conus.  Iconogr. Coq. Viv. 2:360[1850], pl. 110[1850], fig. 3. Not stated. Is guinaicus f. Abalde et al. 2017a. Genus: Lautoconus.


evorai Monteiro, Fernandes, and Rolán, 1995
Conus.
World Shells 12:8, figs. 1-3. Boa Vista Island, Cape Verde Islands.
Is a morph of crotchii f. Abalde et al. 2017b. Genus:Africonus.


Virgiconus peasei M. Severns coll., 46.0 mm, Kihei, Maui, Hawaii.

pseudocuneolusRöckel, Rolán and Monteiro, 1980
Conus. Cone shells Cape Verde Islands p. 117, figs. 96-99, pl. 7, row 5. Serra Negra and Parda Bays, Sal Island, Cape Verde Islands. Is valid f. Monteiro et al., 2004; Ardovini and Cossignani, 2004; Rolán, 2005; Tucker and Tenorio, 2009;
is cuneolus f. Filmer, 2001; Filmer, 2011c; Kersten, 2013; Abalde et al. 2017b. Genus:Africonus.


belairensis Pin and Leung Tack in Pin, 1989
Conus. Publ. Ocas. Port. Malacol. 14:33, pl. 1, figs. 1-8, pl. 2A, figs. 1, 2, pl. 2B, fig. 10. Dakar Bel-Air, Senegal. Is mercator f. Filmer, 2001, with query; is valid f. Monteiro et al., 2004; Ardovini and Cossignani, 2004; Tucker and Tenorio, 2009; Filmer, 2011c; Kersten, 2013;
Abalde et al. 2017a. Range: Cap Vert Peninsula and Petite Côte, Senegal. Genus: Lautoconus.


Lectotype of Conus papalis NHMUK, 9.0 mm, Ticao Is., Philippines.

docensis Cossignani & Fiadeiro, 2014
Africonus.
Malacologia Mostra Mondiale 84: 24-25, figured. Agua Doce Bay, Boa Vista Island, Cape Verde Archipelago, in 1 to 5 m  on and under rocks.
Is a morph of crotchii f. Abalde et al. 2017b. Genus: Africonus.


swinneni Tenorio, Afonso, Cunha & Rolán, 2014
Africonus. Xenophora Taxonomy 2: 5-21, fig. 4, Pl. 2, figs. 1-10. Porto Ferreira, East coast of Boa Vista Island, Cape Verde Archipelago. Coordinates: 16° 7’ 43” N, 22° 40’ 15” W.
Is a form of delanoyae f. Abalde et al. 2017b. Genus: Africonus.


umbelinaeCossignani & Fiadeiro, 2014
Africonus. Malacologia Mostra Mondiale 84: 21-27, figured. Baía de Espingueira, Boa Vista Island, Cape Verde Archipelago, in 0.3 to 3 m.
Is damottai f. Abalde et al. 2017b. Genus:Africonus.


bernardinoiCossignani, 2014

Africonus. Malacologia Mostra Mondiale 82: 24-25, figured. Baía da Parda, Sal Island, Cape Verde Archipelago, in 0.5 to 6 m on rocks. Is cuneolus f. Abalde et al. 2017b. Genus:Africonus.


claudiae Tenorio and Afonso, 2004
Conus.
Visaya 1(2):27, figs. 1-2, 3, unnumbered fig., pl. 3. Praia Real, north coast of Maio Island, Cape Verde Islands.
Is a form of galeao f. Abalde et al. 2017b. Genus:Africonus.


zinhoiCossignani, 2014
Africonus. Malacologia Mostra Mondiale 82: 19-20, figured. Curral Velho, Boa Vista Island, Cape Verde Archipelago, in 0.5 to 4 m on rocks.
Is a form of maioensis f. Abalde et al. 2017b. Genus: Africonus.


messiasi Rolán and Fernandes in Rolán, 1990
Conus.
Iberus Suppl. 2:17, pl. 1, fig. 6, pl. 2, fig. 6, pl. 4, fig. H. Boa Vista Island, Cape Verde Islands.
Is fuscoflavus f. Abalde et al. 2017b. Genus: Africonus.


Lectoype of Conus reticulatus, NHMW 14159, 25 mm, “África”.

Holotype of Conus micarius AMS C015778, 6.2 mm, 15 miles SW of Cape York, Australia.

micariusHedley, 1912
Conus. Rec. Aust. Mus. 8(3):147, pl. 43, fig. 32. 15 miles SW of Cape York. Is a turrid, Mitromorpha (Lovellona) f. Wagner and Abbott, 1978; Walls, 1979b; Röckel, Korn and Kohn, 1995; Filmer, 2001; Tucker, 2004; Filmer, 2011c, says that this is traillii Adams, 1855b; is traillii f. Filmer, 2013;
is valid f. Puillandre and Tenorio, 2017. Range: Australia. Genus:Pygmaeconus.


mordeirae Rolán and Trovão in Rolán, 1990
Conus.
Iberus Suppl. 2:25, pl. 1, fig. 11, pl. 2, fig. 11, pl. 3, fig. A, pl. 6, fig. A, pl. 8, fig. A. Bahía de Mordeira, Sal Island, Cape Verde Islands. Is cuneolus f. Filmer, 2001, with query; is valid f. Monteiro et al., 2004; Ardovini and Cossignani, 2004; Rolán, 2005; Tucker and Tenorio, 2009; Filmer, 2011c; Kersten, 2013.
Is a form of cuneolus f. Abalde et al. 2017b. Genus:Africonus.


cacao Ferrario in Angeletti and Ferrario, 1983
Conus.
La Piu Grande Encyclop. Conch. tutto Mondo 1:146, figs. La Somone River Estuary, Senegal. Is valid f. Monteiro et al., 2004; Tucker and Tenorio, 2009;
is mercator f. Filmer, 2001; Filmer, 2011c; Kersten, 2013; Abalde et al. 2017a. Genus: Lautoconus.


morroensis Cossignani & Fiadeiro, 2014
Africonus.
Malacologia Mostra Mondiale 83: 14-19, figured. Morro da Areia, Ninho do Guincho, Boa Vista Island, Cape Verde Archipelago, in 0.5 to 5 m on rocky bottom.
Is diminutus f. Abalde et al. 2017b. Genus: Africonus.


Africonus crotchii f. irregularis MJT coll., 35.5 mm, Baía das Gatas, Boa Vista Island, Cape Verde Islands.

derrubado Rolán and Fernandes in Rolán, 1990
Conus.
Iberus Suppl. 2:19, pl. 1, fig. 4, pl. 2, fig. 4, pl. 4, fig. I, pl. 6, fig. F, pl. 8, fig. H. Bahía Grande, Derrubado, Boa Vista Island, Cape Verde Islands. Is cuneolus f. Filmer, 2001, with query; is valid f. Monteiro et al., 2004; Ardovini and Cossignani, 2004; Rolán, 2005; Tucker and Tenorio, 2009; Filmer, 2011c; Kersten, 2013.
Is damottai f. Abalde et al. 2017b. Genus:Africonus.


teodorae Rolán and Fernandes in Rolán, 1990
Conus. Iberus Suppl. 2:21, pl. 1, fig. 5, pl. 2, fig. 5, pl. 4, fig. J, pl. 7, fig. H, pl. 8, fig. D. Bahía Teodora, north of Sal-Rei, Boa Vista Island, Cape Verde Islands. Is cuneolus f. Filmer, 2001, with query; is valid f. Monteiro et al., 2004; Ardovini and Cossignani, 2004; Rolán, 2005; Tucker and Tenorio, 2009; Filmer, 2011c;
is a morph of crotchii f. Abalde et al. 2017b. Genus: Africonus.


Taxa Revisions and Updates - 2017


See below for new bibliographic references. The changes introduced with respect to the original text appear in dark red.


wallacei Lorenz and Morrison, 2004b.
Lilliconus. Schift. Malakozool. 21:29, fig. 1 right, pl. 5. 6-8 m, Pulau Kopoposang, 60 km NW Ujung Pandang, 04º41'S, 118º55'E. Is trailii f. Kersten, 2013;
is valid f. Puillandre and Tenorio, 2017. Range: Indonesia. Genus: Pygmaeconus.


luqueiRolán and Trovão in Rolán, 1990
Conus.
Iberus Suppl. 2:50, pl. 1, fig. 2, pl. 2, fig. 2, pl. 4, fig. G. Bahía da Gata, Boa Vista Island, Cape Verde Islands. Is fuscoflavus f. Filmer, 2001, with query; is valid f. Monteiro et al., 2004; Ardovini and Cossignani, 2004; Tucker and Tenorio, 2009; Filmer, 2011c; Kersten, 2013.
Is delanoyae f. Abalde et al. 2017b. Genus:Africonus.


condei Afonso & Tenorio, 2014
Africonus.
Xenophora Taxonomy 3: 47-60, figured. Baía Grande do Derrubado, Boa Vista Island, Cape Verde Archipelago.
Is a form of crotchii f. Abalde et al. 2017b. Genus:Africonus.